It was a chilly, snowy afternoon in Boston, Massachusetts, March 5, 1770. Two anxious British soldiers, who were known as Private John Goldfinch and Captain Hugh White, stood in front of the Statehouse on King Street. The colonists were mad about the taxes that King George the III placed on them. They wanted to choose what had taxes, not the King of Britain! The colonists responded to the taxes by provoking British soldiers. Goldfinch and White nervously watched the streets.
Sure enough, Edward Garrick, who made wigs, came along and taunted White. Goldfinch defended White and eventually got so angry he hit Garrick with the butt of his gun. An angry mob of colonists shortly formed. Captain Preston and eight other soldiers arrived to maintain order. The mob ignored them and instead threw ice, snowballs, clubs, and sticks at the soldiers.
Then, Richard Holmes threw a club, which hit Private Hugh Montgomery. Montgomery angrily responded by firing into the mob. The mob grew furious. The soldiers panicked. Eventually, the mob subsided. However, three laid dead and eight injured. Two more died later. More trouble was certain to follow.